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146                            LETTERS   FROM   THE

serious revolution or return of monarchy.1 It
is the nature of the French to make vigorous
efforts while full of enthusiasm; to push every-
thing to extremes, and then to be quite tired of
the struggle, and suffer their neck to be bowed
again to some yoke or other, provided, as formerly,
they may amuse themselves by roaring in your
ears the splendour of the Court and the glory of
the monarch ; or, in the present system, the
liberty, indivisibility, equality and unity of the
Republic.

On most of the walls they have scratched out
the finale, ou la mort, and on the Palais Bourbon,
where the five hundred are to meet, there is put
instead of it Hwmaniti et Justice.

The imbecility of all the Princes is a great
bar to a return to royalty, and I really think the
present system will take root, if no unexpected
convulsion happens. The rulers are much hated,
and treated with a disrespect of language never
used but in the latter days of Louis XV. They
seem to be afraid of venturing out. Au reste, there
is employment enough for them at home, for the
finances are in a very exhausted state.

Carnot has gained ground wonderfully, by all

i The Revolution of the gth Brumaire, which placed
Napoleon on the throne, proves the fallacy of this prediction*